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She points to a 1997 study by two women economists from Harvard and Princeton universities of major orchestra auditions that showed that when the auditions were blind, women were as likely as men to be hired as musicians who would be expected to go on the road and to make considerable time commitments to the job.
But when interviewed in person, men were hired more often than women.“You know,” Kugler says, “the sound of a beautiful instrument should be the same whether it’s played by a man or a woman.
Please also read: Workforce Management Looks Back at Workplace History (1920s-1970s)Over the past several decades, a variety of laws and rulings have paved the way for more Mary Richards to succeed at work. And, truth be told, the wage gap was even wider in the early ’60s. Kennedy signed the bill banning wage discrimination, women were making only 58 cents for every dollar earned by a man.
Other landmark legislation followed that was intended to improve worklife for women, while making it easier to meet the dual demands of work and family.
Even with a string of laws and legal wins that have advanced women’s positions in the workplace, advocates say there is still a long way to go.“We take five steps forward and 10 steps back, but we try to keep moving forward and not get too discouraged,” says Nancy Kaufman, CEO of the National Council of Jewish Women, which supports social and economic justice for all women.
“We really try to be advocates, and that’s what the women’s movement has been all about.
It entitles eligible employees to take unpaid, job-protected leave for specified family and medical reasons.
In a recent article in the online libertarian magazine , the Ledbetter Act is said to force businesses “to constantly look over their shoulders” for claims rising up from the past.
C., “but I don’t think they’re the end of the conversation by any means.
They’re a good baseline structure that establishes the crucial principle that women are entitled to equal treatment on the job.”For example, Martin recently testified at an Equal Employment Opportunity Commission hearing on pregnancy discrimination, which was ostensibly outlawed in 1978.
This information is shared with social media services, sponsorship, analytics and other third-party service providers. “This is a trial lawyer/class action lawsuit boondoggle,” writes columnist Nicole Kurokawa Neily, “and that’s bad for the American economy.”But other observers defend the Ledbetter act as vital to fairer pay for women.