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Muslims believe the Quran was revealed from God through the archangel Gabriel.
In it, a cosmology, a theology, and an elaborate eschatology are described. E., almost the entire Arabian Peninsula had converted from paganism to Islam, and within a hundred years, its followers stretched from France to China.
However, the Quran declares its message as uniquely universal applying to all people for all remaining time.
Islam is based upon five "pillars" that represent the bedrock upon which all else is based.
The fifth pillar is the Hajj , or pilgrimage to Mecca.
Muslims believe Mecca to be the site of the first house of worship built by the Prophet Adam and his wife Eve and then restored millennia later by the Prophet Abraham and his son, the Prophet Ishmael.
The third pillar of Islam is paying zakah, an obligatory alms given once every lunar year from the standing capital of every responsible adult.
It is not an income tax, as income tax is prohibited in Islamic law, but rather a capital tax on wealth that has been stagnate for at least a year.
The second part of the declaration, Muhammad is the messenger of God, acknowledges the means through which this understanding of God has come.
Although considered the youngest of the three great Abrahamic faiths that include Judaism and Christianity, Islam does not view itself as a new religion but rather as a reformed Abrahamic faith.
Muslims believe that the Quran corrects distortions of previous prophetic dispensations while not departing from the aboriginal faith of humanity, which according to the Muslims is Islam, or sub-mission to one God.
Thus, each day is considered to be a microcosm of one's own life: the dawn prayer as one's coming into the world, the midday prayer as the end of youth, the afternoon prayer as old age, the sunset prayer as death, and the evening prayer as the beginning of the descent into the darkness of the grave and returning to the dawn prayer as the awakening and resurrection of the dead.
After the testimony of faith, prayer is considered the most important pillar.Islam is an Arabic word meaning "surrender" or "submission." It is a faith that encompasses approximately one-fifth of humanity.